Body Composition

Do Oral Contraceptives Affect Your Gains?

A recent study examined the effects of oral contraceptives on strength gains, hypertrophy, and anabolic signaling. Do female lifters need to worry about hormonal contraceptives affecting their gains? Read on to find out.

Body-Fat and P-Ratios: A Rebuttal To The Rebuttal To The Rebuttal

We published articles that questioned the popular belief that high body-fat levels impair p-ratios. Menno Henselmans published a rebuttal on his site shortly thereafter. We responded to his rebuttal, and shortly after our rebuttal was posted, Menno added to his article to respond to it. Unfortunately we feel the need to respond yet again, as his response lacked substance and was pretty misleading.

Should You Cut Before You Bulk?: How Body Fat Levels Affect Your P-Ratio

Should You Cut Before You Bulk?: How Body-Fat Levels Affect Your P-Ratio

Many people believe that if you get lean before you start a bulk, you’ll gain muscle more efficiently. Their reasoning often relates to concerns about insulin sensitivity: if you have more body fat, your insulin sensitivity will be lower, so you’ll gain more fat and less muscle in a calorie surplus. However, the evidence for this concept is surprisingly thin and shaky. In this article, we delve into what the science really says on the topic.

Betaine: The Other Beet Supplement

Betaine is a lesser-known ingredient that warrants further exploration. This article will review what betaine does in the body and discuss studies evaluating the effects of betaine supplementation on body composition and performance.

Genetics-Based Expectations Affect Your Physiology

A recent study told people they had either a good or bad genetic draw for aerobic exercise or hunger and satiety. Manipulating the subjects’ beliefs about their genetics changed both their objective and subjective responses to subsequent testing. This study builds upon prior literature showing that expectancy can influence outcomes to a surprising degree.

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