The **STDEV.S** (STDEV S) is a *Statistical *function that calculates and returns the standard deviation for a sample of data. The standard deviation is a measure of how widely values are dispersed from the average value (the mean). The **STDEV.S** calculates standard deviation using the "n-1" method. In this guide, we’re going to show you how to use the **STDEV.S **function and also go over some tips and error handling methods.

## Supported versions

- Excel 2010 and later

## Syntax

## Arguments

number1 | The first number or reference in the sample of the population. You can also use an array instead of multiple arguments. |

[number2], … | Other numbers of the population up to 254 arguments. |

## Example

The standard deviation is a measure of how widely values are dispersed from the average value (the mean). The **STDEV.S** function assumes that given arguments are a sample of the population. The function uses the following formula:

where *x* is the average (mean) and *n* is the sample size.

All you need to do is to supply your dataset as arguments.

## Tips

- Use
**STDEV.S**to calculate the standard deviation for a sample of the population. - The function calculates the standard deviation by using the "n-1" method.
- The
**STDEV.P**function uses "n" method to calculate the standard deviation. - You can use the
**AVERAGE**function to calculate the mean of a data set. - The
**STDEV**is the older version of this function. Refrain from using**STDEV**. - Arguments can either be numbers or names, arrays, or references that contain numbers.
- Logical values, and text representations of numbers that you type directly into the list of arguments are counted.
- If an argument is an array or reference, only numbers in that array or reference are counted. Empty cells, logical values, text, or error values in the array or reference are ignored.
- Arguments that are error values or text that cannot be translated into numbers cause errors.

If you want to include logical values and text representations of numbers in a reference as part of the calculation, use the **STDEVA** function.