A recent study told people they had either a good or bad genetic draw for aerobic exercise or hunger and satiety. Manipulating the subjects’ beliefs about their genetics changed both their objective and subjective responses to subsequent testing. This study builds upon prior literature showing that expectancy can influence outcomes to a surprising degree.
Non-responders are people who don’t add muscle when they start training. What do we know about them, and what may be the key to helping them grow?
How much control do we have over strength and hypertrophy outcomes? Here’s what we know about the relationship between genetics and strength training.